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About Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

An LMIA serves as an official authorization that enables Canadian employers to lawfully recruit skilled foreign workers for their businesses. Obtaining a positive LMIA signifies a compelling requirement for a skilled foreign worker to fill a specific position, while also indicating the unavailability or incapability of any Canadian worker or holder of a Canadian PR Visa to fulfill the job responsibilities. Consequently, Canadian employers must secure a positive LMIA in order to hire skilled workers from overseas.

As a skilled professional, there are multiple avenues available for you to relocate to Canada and work for an employer. One option is through the LMIA process, while others involve LMIA-exempt pathways. It is crucial to determine whether your chosen pathway requires an LMIA or a work permit. In either case, your employer must undertake one of the following actions:

  • Identify the relevant LMIA exemption codes and work permit exemptions.
  • Select the appropriate LMIA exemption or work permit code based on your specific hiring
    situation.
  • Ensure that the exemption code is included in your offer of employment.
  • Alternatively, if you are hiring a foreign worker who is currently outside Canada and originates
    from a visa-exempt country, contact the International Mobility Workers unit for further
    guidance.

To obtain an LMIA, employers must fulfill several requirements, including:

  • Providing evidence of the authenticity and legitimacy of their job offer and business.
  • Submitting a Transition plan that outlines the continuity of the position and work location.
  • Advertising the job vacancy on the Government of Canada Job Bank.
  • Conducting at least two additional acceptable modes of recruitment specific to the occupation.
  • Ensuring that the offered wages are comparable to those of Canadian workers or residents in
    similar positions.

Upon receiving the LMIA, the skilled foreign worker becomes eligible to apply for a Canadian work permit and, eventually, pursue Canada Immigration. To apply for a Work Permit, workers are required to provide the following documents:

  • A valid job offer from a Canadian employer.
  • An employment contract outlining the terms and conditions of employment.
  • A copy of the LMIA that was granted to the employer.
  • The LMIA number, which serves as a unique identifier for the LMIA approval.