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Requirements of Canadian Permanent Residency

To obtain permanent residency (PR) in Canada, there are various programs available, each with its own specific requirements. Here are some general requirements commonly applicable for most Canadian PR programs:


You must have a minimum level of education, usually a high school diploma or an equivalent qualification. Some programs may require higher education or specific degrees in certain occupations.

Language Proficiency:

You need to demonstrate proficiency in either English or French, the two official languages of Canada. This is typically assessed through language tests such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) for English, or the Test d’évaluation de français (TEF) for French.

Work Experience:

Many Canadian PR programs require applicants to have work experience. The duration and type of work experience required can vary depending on the program. Generally, skilled work experience in a specific occupation is preferred.


Most programs do not have a specific age requirement, but points may be awarded based on age in some programs. Applicants between the ages of 20 and 29 tend to receive the maximum points for age.


The ability to adapt to Canadian society is often considered during the selection process. Factors such as previous study or work experience in Canada, family ties in Canada, or a valid job offer can contribute to your overall adaptability score.

Proof of Funds:

You need to demonstrate that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family members upon arrival in Canada. The specific amount required depends on the size of your family and is subject to change. This requirement ensures that applicants can settle and support themselves financially.

Health and Security Clearances:

You and your accompanying family members must undergo medical examinations to demonstrate that you meet Canada’s health requirements. Additionally, you must provide police clearance certificates to prove that you have a good character and do not pose a security risk.

Points Calculation:

Many Canadian PR programs, such as the Express Entry system, use a points-based system to assess and rank applicants. Points are awarded based on various factors, including age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and adaptability. Meeting the minimum requirements does not guarantee an invitation to apply for PR. Having a high points score improves your chances of receiving an invitation.

Express Entry Profile Creation:

If you are applying through the Express Entry system, you must create an online profile and provide information about your qualifications, work experience, language proficiency, and other relevant details. Your profile is assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score, and you are entered into a pool of candidates.

Invitation to Apply (ITA):

Regular draws are conducted from the Express Entry pool, and candidates with the highest CRS scores receive invitations to apply for PR. If you receive an ITA, you have a specific timeframe to submit a complete application for permanent residency.

Documentation and Application Submission:

Prepare and submit the required documents, such as education credentials, language test results, work reference letters, and proof of funds, along with your PR application. Ensure that all documents are accurate, genuine, and properly translated if necessary.

Medical Examinations and Security Clearances:

Undergo a medical examination by an approved panel physician to assess your health. Additionally, provide police clearance certificates from all countries where you have resided for a certain period to demonstrate good character and security.

Application Processing:

Once your application is submitted, it will be reviewed by the immigration authorities. The processing time varies depending on the program and the number of applications received. You can check the status of your application online using the application number provided to you.

Permanent Resident Visa Issuance:

If your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). This document, along with your passport, will allow you to enter Canada as a permanent resident. The COPR will indicate the validity period and any specific conditions attached to your PR status.

Landing in Canada:

Upon arrival in Canada, present your COPR to the immigration officer at the port of entry. They will verify your documents, ask a few questions, and officially grant you permanent resident status. A permanent resident card will be mailed to your Canadian address later, serving as official proof of your PR status.

Residency Obligations:

As a permanent resident, you must meet certain residency obligations to maintain your PR status. Generally, you must be physically present in Canada for at least 730 days within a five-year period. Failing to meet these obligations could lead to the loss of your PR status.

The most popular program for skilled workers is the Express Entry system, which includes the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC). Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are also available, allowing provinces and territories to nominate individuals based on their specific labor market needs.

It’s important to note that these requirements are general guidelines, and specific programs may have additional or slightly different criteria. Each program also has its own selection process and point system to assess applicants. It is recommended to visit the official website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) at www.canada.ca or consult with a licensed immigration consultant or lawyer.